The Björketorp Monument - The First Seven Rows

The beginning of the runic inscription of the Björketorp monument is found on its highest stone. The first six rows are on the front (southern side) of that stone, and the seventh row is found on the back side. (The runic inscription then continues with two rows on the front and five more rows on the back.) The first six rows contain 90 runes and the seventh row contains 10 runes, i.e. the first seven rows have in total exactly 100 runes!


The Actual Runes of the inscription's first seven rows

The runic inscription of the Björketorp stone has in the past been grossly misrepresented. Nine of the runes in the first seven rows have been completely ignored, and nine out of the other 91 runes in the first seven rows have been interpreted as other runes than the runes that actually are inscribed on the stone. It has been claimed that the runic inscription of the Björketorp stone looks like

And this is how the runes for several decades have been filled in on the stone. The last line is found on the back of the menhir, but this line is to be read first according to most (if not all) those who have tried to interpret the inscription earlier this century. The remainder of the inscription is to be read in the following way we are told by the same "interpreters":

A close examination of the stone reveals however that the actual runes in the first seven rows on the stone instead are:


For pictures proving that this is indeed the case, please click here.


The actual words of the inscription's first seven rows

A close examination of the inscription reveals that it is to be understood in the following way (with exaggerated distances between words):


Transliterated this can be written as:


o-r-A A-z-A þ-z-A t-b-A-r u t-z
u-t-A A-z-A w e-l-A A-d-A u d-e-A
h-A-e-r-A m-A-l-A u s-z
u h-A A-r-u-A A-z-A-r A-g-e-u
u f-A l-A-h A-k h-A-e-d k-r-e-A
u h-A-e-d z-r-u-A o-r-o-n-u
u þ-A r-A b-A s-b-A


Please click on the words in the transliteration above in order to see a corresponding Hebrew or Aramaic word for each Runic word!

Apparently the language of the Björketorp inscription is quite close to Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic, and we can therefore easily write it by means of the Hebrew script:


The meaning of this is:


The strong light/fire/happiness of the violent love breaks, and cuts off.
Destroy violently! And El, of eternity and wisdom, pours out/destroys wholly and fully.
And the love of the pudenda helps his flash/flame.
And the moist entrance, assure certainly the destruction! And assure the violence of his desire!
And become desolate! Overflow with/by the fullness!

 
Alternative translations of the word "hAerA" could possibly be "destroy" and "uncover" (compare Leviticus 20:18). For general information about the language of the ancient Blekinge inscriptions, please click here.


Pictures of Runes in the Inscription's first seven rows

In the first part of the first three lines in the Björketorp inscription eight of the runes have either been misrepresented or not filled in at all, as is demonstrated below. For an animation illustrating this, please click here.
 

 

In the last part of the first three lines in the Björketorp inscription one rune has been ignored and has not been filled in as is demonstrated below. For an animation illustrating this, please click here.

 

In the first part of lines four, five and six in the Björketorp inscription eight runes have either been misrepresented or have not been filled in at all, as is demonstrated below. For an animation illustrating this, please click here

 

In the last part of line five in the Björketorp inscription some runes have been misrepresented, as is demonstrated below. For an animation illustrating this, please click here

Regarding the seventh line that is located on the back of the stone there are no differing opinions as to which runes are inscribed.


The Incredible Gematria of the Inscription's First Seven Rows

The gematria of the first seven lines in the Björketorp inscription is summarised in the table below. For an explanation of the numerical values of the runes, please click here.

First note that the last word in the seventh line means both "fullness" and "seven". The seventh line is separated from the other six lines. A parallel to the end of the seventh line is the end of the third line, where one finds the words "mAlA u sz", i.e. "wholly and fully", and so the gematrical sum of the first three lines yields 539, which is equal to 777. 

Secondly note that the number of runes in the seventh line is ten - another number of completion. Also note that the gematrical sum of the seventh line equals 100, i.e. 1010. This same value is obtained by counting all of the runes in the inscription. Moreover the gematrical sum of the first six lines yields exactly 1000 = 101010.

Thirdly note that the gematrical sums of the first and of the sixth lines are divisible by fifteen. Also note that the total number of runes in the first three lines and in lines 4 to 6 are divisible by fifteen. Of these there are fifteen runes in the fourth line - the middle line of the inscription.

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