Helios


Helios is the young Greek god of the sun. He is the son of Hyperion and Theia. By the Oceanid Perse, he became the father of Aeetes, Circe, and Pasiphae. His other two daughters are Phaethusa ("radiant") and Lampetia ("shining").

With his golden chariot he rises at dawn from the ocean, rides through the sky, and disappears at sunset back into the ocean in the west. His chariot is pulled by four horses - Pyrois, Eos, Aethon and Phlegon. He sees and knows all, and was called upon by witnesses. By the Oceanid Perse, he became the father of Aeëtes, Circe and Pasiphae. He was represented as a youth with a halo, standing in a chariot. His attributes are the whip and the globe.


Helios was worshipped in various places of the Peloponnesos, but especially on Rhodes. Here, the Colossus of Rhodes (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world), was built in his honor. This huge statue, measuring 32 meters (100ft), was built in 280 BC by Charès of Lindos. In the earthquake of 224-223 BC the statue broke off at the knees.