Gaia (Gaea, Ge)
In Greek mythology, Gaia is terra mater, the mother Earth, and the oldest of the goddesses. She is the personification of the "all-mother", she who gives and takes life. She sprang from Chaos, and in turn bore from herself Pontus (the sea), and Uranus (the sky) and married him. Their children are the Titans, the Cyclopes, and the Hecatonchires. With Tartarus she is the mother of the monster Typhon.
Her Roman counterpart is Tellus, the fertile soil.