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Real Name: J. R. Cash

Profile: Singer, Songwriter

Birthdate: February 26, 1932

Birthplace: Kingsland, Arkansas

Education: Dyess High School, Dyess, Arkansas

Relations: Wife: June Carter; ex-wife: Vivian Liberto; kids: Rosanne, Kathy, Cindy, Tara, John Carter

Quote: How well I have learned that there is no fence to sit on between heaven and hell. There is a deep, wide gulf, a chasm, and in that chasm is no place for any man. --Johnny Cash




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As an emeritus member of both the Country Music and Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, winner of the 1991 Grammy Legend Award, and with more than a hundred and fifty charted hits to his credit, Johnny Cash is the Grand Old Man of Nashville.
The son of an Arkansas sharecropper, Cash grew up dirt-poor (he nearly died of starvation as an infant). He went on to stints in the Army and as an appliance salesman before making it big. In 1955, he signed with Sam Phillips' Sun Records, joining Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Carl Perkins (the foursome known as "The Million-Dollar Quartet"). "Folsom Prison Blues" ("I shot a man in Reno, just to watch him die . . . "), "I Walk the Line," "Guess Things Happen That Way," and other hits quickly established Cash as a major player on both the pop and country scenes, and by the mid-sixties, with a continuing stream of top-sellers (such as "Ring of Fire") to his credit, he was one of the most popular artists in the country. But as his career soared, Cash reached a personal low. Battles with drugs and liquor affected both his performances and his marriage to his first wife, Vivian Liberto. He became so violent during one 1965 Nashville show that he was banned from playing at the Grande Ole Opry.
Johnny discovered the Bible in the late sixties; God and singing partner June Carter, who he married in 1968, helped him clean up his act. In 1969, Cash won two Grammys for his smash live album, Johnny Cash Live at Folsom Prison, and sold more records in the U.S. than the Beatles. He also starred in a hit variety program for ABC which ran until 1971. While continuing to record dozens of secular and spiritual albums, he began a modest movie career.
Now in his sixties, the Man in Black is making headlines again after a number of years out of the spotlight. In 1992 he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and 1993 saw him contribute a vocal performance to U2's Zooropa album. He then signed to American Recordings--formerly a rap label--and his 1994 album featured songs written by such diverse performers as Tom Waits, Leonard Cohen, Nick Lowe, Glenn Danzig, and Cash himself. The first single, "Delia's Gone," was backed by a video featuring waif-extraordinaire Kate Moss, and introduced Cash to the MTV generation. The album won him a Grammy for Best Contemporary Folk Album and an offer to appear at the most sacred bastion of alternativeness, Lollapalooza. Cash had the good sense to decline. His 1996 album, Unchained, included covers of Soundgarden and Beck tunes, and backing by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers.



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Feature Films
Five Minutes To Live 1961; Hootenanny Hoot 1963; A Gunfight 1971; Gospel Road 1973; Thaddeus Rose and Eddie 1978; The Pride of Jesse Hallman 1981; Murder in Coweta County 1983; The Baron and the Kid 1984; Stagecoach 1986; Last Days of Frank and Jesse James 1986; Davy Crocket: Rainbow in the Thunder 1988; Tennessee Nights 1989; Radio Star - die AFN-Story 1994;

TV Series
Ranch Party 1958; Johnny Cash Show (host) 1969-71; Columbo (guest star) 1974; Johnny Cash and Friends (host) 1976; Christmas Specials 1976-79; North and South 1985; Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman (guest star) 1993, 94. Also, made a guest appearance on The Simpsons.

Books
Man in Black (autobiography) 1975; Man in White (novel) 1986

Recordings
Singles include: "Hey Porter," "Cry, Cry, Cry" 1955; "Folsom Prison Blues" (Grammy), "I Walk the Line" 1956; "Home of the Blues" 1957; "Ballad Of A Teenage Queen," "Big River," "Frankie's Man, Johnny," "Guess Things Happen That Way," "The Ways of a Woman in Love," "You're the Nearest Thing to Heaven," "All Over Again," "It's Just About Time" 1958; "Don't Take Your Guns to Town," "Five Feet High and Rising," "Katy Too," "The Rebel--Johnny Yuma," "I Got Stripes" 1959; "The Big Battle" 1961; "Ring of Fire," "The Matador" 1963; "The Ballad of Ira Hayes," "Understand Your Man" 1964; "Orange Blossom Special" 1965; "The One on the Right Is on the Left" 1966; "Jackson" (with June Carter) (Grammy) 1967; "Daddy Sang Bass," 1968; "Blistered," "A Boy Named Sue" (Grammy) 1969; "Sunday Morning Coming Down," "Flesh and Blood," "If I Were a Carpenter" (with June Carter) (Grammy), "What Is Truth" 1970; "Singin' in Vietnam Talkin' Blues," "Man in Black" 1971; "If I Had a Hammer" (with June Carter) 1972; "One Piece at a Time" 1976; "(Ghost) Riders in the Sky" 1979; "Highway Patrolman" 1987.

Albums: Hymns by Johnny Cash 1959; Ride This Train 1960; Hymns from the Heart 1962; Blood, Sweat and Tears, Ring of Fire 1963; I Walk the Line 1964; Ballads of the True West (1&2), Orange Blossom Special 1965; Mean As Hell!, Everybody Loves a Nut 1966; Greatest Hits, Vol. 1 1967; At Folsom Prison, The Holy Land 1968; At San Quentin, Original Golden Hits, Vols. 1 and 2, Story Songs of the Trains and Rivers, Get Rhythm, Showtime 1969; Hello, I'm Johnny Cash, The Rough-Cut King of Country Music, The Singing Story Teller, The Legend, The World of Johnny Cash 1970; Original Golden Hits, Vol. 3, The Man, the World, His Music, Man in Black, Johnny Cash & Jerry Lee Lewis Sing Hank Williams, His Greatest Hits, Vol. 2, Johnny Cash Sings Precious Memories 1971; Christmas: The Johnny Cash Family 1972; Sunday Morning Coming Down, Gospel Road, Johnny and His Woman, Any Old Wind That Blows 1973; Ragged Old Flag, Five Feet High and Rising, The Junkie and the Juicehead Minus Me 1974; At Folsom Prison and San Quentin, Johnny Cash Sings Precious Memories, John R Cash, Look at Them Beans 1975; Strawberry Cake, One Piece at a Time, The Last Gunfighter Ballad 1976; The Rambler, Superbilly, Golden Souvenirs 1977; Gone Girl, Greatest Hits, Vol. 3, I Would Like to See You Again 1978; Silver 1979; Rockabilly Blues, Classic Christmas 1980; Encore, The Baron 1981; A Believer Sings the Truth, Biggest Hits, The Adventures of Johnny Cash, The Survivors (with Jerry Lee Lewis and Carl Perkins) 1982; The Rainbow 1985; Believe in Him, Heroes (with Waylon Jennings), Highwayman (with Waylon Jennings, Kris Kristofferson, and Willie Nelson) 1986; Johnny Cash Is Coming to Town, Johnny Cash-- Columbia Records 1958-1986, The Vintage Years 1987; Classic Cash/ Hall of Fame Series, Water From the Wells of Home 1988; The Sun Years, Patriot, Highwayman 2 (with Waylon Jennings, Kris Kristofferson, and Willie Nelson) 1990; I Walk the Line and Other Big Hits, The Mystery of Life, Johnny Cash Country Christmas 1991; The Essential Johnny Cash (1955-83) (box set) 1992; American Recordings, Personal Christmas Collection, Wanted Man 1994; The Road Goes on Forever (with Waylon Jennings, Kris Kristofferson, and Willie Nelson) 1995; Unchained(with backing by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Mick Fleetwood, and Lindsey Buckingham)1996.





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http://www.users.csbsju.edu/~sjfische/Cash.html

http://www.infi.net/~drmellow/country/artists/cash/

http://www.american.recordings.com/American_Artists/Johnny_Cash/cash_home.html

http://www.odysseygroup.com/cash/cshcarer.htm

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